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Tobacco Bag Collection

Included in the Museum’s Non-Northeast Native holdings are a wide collection of tobacco bags and tobacco pipes from the nations of the Great Plains. Tobacco was smoked in everyday and ceremonial circumstances. These particular tobacco pipes, because they were made of the sacred mineral catlinite, were used in a special circumstance, “usually brought out at group functions such as war rallies, trading, ritual dances, healing ceremonies, marriage negotiations, and dispute settlements.”* They are therefore considered sacred objects by the Museum and were not photographed for this collection out of respect.

These particular tobacco bags were made to hold the sacred calumet pipes, although one example at the end of the list is a smaller bag for holding tobacco and a pipe for everyday use. The terms “pipe bag” and “tobacco bag” are used to distinguish the ritual vs. secular function of the objects. As a group, the larger bags would have served a similar function, holding tobacco and the separated pieces of calumet pipes when they were not in use. Some of them have been identified as belonging to a specific group, while others are simply categorized regionally as “Great Plains.” Two are associated with individuals, Spotted Elk and Crazy Bull. The latter is the great-grandson of the Sioux Chief Sitting Bull, who gave lectures on Sioux culture in Boston as early as 1925.

The variation in styles, colors, and symbols in the intricate beadwork could just as easily be representative of the different nations who occupied the Great Plains as of the women who made them and men who carried them. While the exact nature of these designs remains obscured, it easy to appreciate their significance in the lives of their original owners when one considers the time and the skill necessary to create these works of art.

* “Adornment: Native American Regalia.” University of Wyoming Art Museum, Educational Packet (2009).

Jessica Rymer is the Growdon Collections Intern for spring 2014. She is currently working towards a master’s in Historical Archaeology at the University of Massachusetts, Boston, where she uses clay tobacco pipes to study smoking behavior in the 17th and 18th centuries. Her thesis uses smoking behavior to explore the interactions between English landowners, enslaved Africans, and local Native Americans on Shelter Island, New York.

Browse the collection:

 

Pipe Bag, 1900-1955, approx. 3’ L

 

Sioux

Rawhide, beads, porcupine quill

Gift of Mr. Horace Morison, 1955

INQ 55-2 S3

Made by a family member of Chief Crazy Bull, who resided in Boston from approx.1925-1946

 

Pipe Bag, 1870-1920, approx. 3’ L

 

Cree

Leather, hide, beads, porcupine quill

Gift of Ms. Betty Gram Swing, 196

INQ 61-6

 

Pipe Bag, 19th-20th c., 3’ 1 ¾” L

 

Sioux

Rawhide, beads, porcupine quill

Purchased from the Massachusetts Indian Association, 1980

INQ 80-2

 

Pipe Bag, 19th-20th c., approx. 3’ L

 

Sioux

Rawhide, beads, porcupine quill

Accessioned 1939

INQ 143

 

Pipe Bag, 1870-1920, 2’ 9” L

 

Sioux

Rawhide, leather, beads, porcupine quill

Accessioned 1925

INQ 255

Owned by Spotted Elk before coming to the Museum.

 

Pipe Bag, 1870-1910, 2” 3 ¼” L

 

Sioux

Rawhide, leather, sinew, beads, porcupine quill

Gift of Mr. Paul Rutledge, 1930

INQ 538

 

Pipe Bag, 19th-20th c., 2’ 3 1/2” L

 

Cree

Rawhide, beads

Accessioned 1921

INQ 927

 

Pipe Bag, 19th-20th c., 2’ 9’ L

 

Blackfoot

Rawhide, horsehair, beads, porcupine quill, dye

Donated by Mrs. William Claflin, Jr., 1940

INQ 1009

 

Pipe Bag, 1870-1920, 1’ 7 ¼” L

 

Great Plains

Rawhide, beads, porcupine quill

Donated by Mrs. M.K. Estabrook, 1941

INQ 1085

 

Pipe Bag, 1890-1940, 2’ 6” L

 

Cheyenne

Rawhide, beads, tin, horsehair, porcupine quill

Gift of the estate of Miss Annie Pecker, 1947

INQ 1356 S3

 

Bag, Tobacco, 1870-1920, 1’ ½” L

 

Great Plains

Rawhide, beads

Gift of the Children's Museum of Cambridge, 1966

INQ XX 32

 

Pipe Bag, 1870-1920, approx. 3’ L

 

Great Plains

Rawhide, leather, beads, porcupine quill

Gift of the Children's Museum of Cambridge, 1966

INQ XX 34